Q What do you know about Java A Java is a high-level programming language originally developed by Sun Microsystems and released in 1995. Java runs on a variety of platforms, such as Windows, Mac OS, and the various versions of UNIX. Q What are the supported platforms by Java Programming Language A Java runs on a variety of platforms, such as Windows, Mac OS, and the various versions of UNIX/Linux like HP-Unix, Sun Solaris, Redhat Linux, Ubuntu, CentOS, etc. Q List any five features of Java A Some features include Object Oriented, Platform Independent, Robust, Interpreted, Multi-threaded Q Why is Java Architectural Neutral A Its compiler generates an architecture-neutral object file format, which makes the compiled code to be executable on many processors, with the presence of Java runtime system. Q How Java enabled High Performance A Java uses Just-In-Time compiler to enable high performance. Just-In-Time compiler is a program that turns Java bytecode, which is a program that contains instructions that must be interpreted into instructions that can be sent directly to the processor. Q Why Java is considered dynamic A It is designed to adapt to an evolving environment. Java programs can carry extensive amount of run-time information that can be used to verify and resolve accesses to objects on run-time. Q What is Java Virtual Machine and how it is considered in context of Javas platform independent feature A When Java is compiled, it is not compiled into platform specific machine, rather into platform independent byte code. This byte code is distributed over the web and interpreted by virtual Machine JVM on whichever platform it is being run. Q List two Java IDEs A Netbeans, Eclipse, etc. Q List some Java keywordsunlike C, C keywords A Some Java keywords are import, super, finally, etc. Q What do you mean by Object A Object is a runtime entity and its state is stored in fields and behavior is shown via methods. Methods operate on an objects internal state and serve as the primary mechanism for object-to-object communication. Q Define class A A class is a blue print from which individual objects are created. A class can contain fields and methods to describe the behavior of an object. Q What kind of variables a class can consist of A A class consist of Local variable, instance variables and class variables. Q What is a Local Variable A Variables defined inside methods, constructors or blocks are called local variables. The variable will be declared and initialized within the method and it will be destroyed when the method has completed. Q What is a Instance Variable A Instance variables are variables within a class but outside any method. These variables are instantiated when the class is loaded. Q What is a Class Variable A These are variables declared with in a class, outside any method, with the static keyword. Q What is Singleton class A Singleton class control object creation, limiting the number to one but allowing the flexibility to create more objects if the situation changes. Q What do you mean by Constructor A Constructor gets invoked when a new object is created. Every class has a constructor. If we do not explicitly write a constructor for a class the java compiler builds a default constructor for that class.