Assam, , India
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Trees- The Green Gold
Tree is a woody perennial plant, typically having a single stem or trunk growing to a considerable height and bearing lateral branches and leaves at some distance from the ground. Trees are the longest living species on the earth, they gives us a link between the past, present and future. Trees are like the lungs of the planet. Trees are as much important to our life as food and water. Trees are source of rain as they attract clouds which ultimately bring rain. Trees are the most precious gift to the humanity on the earth from nature for which we must be grateful, give honour and preserve for the mankind wellness and make a “Green Earth”.
Trees are Valuable as Gold that’s why they are called as “Green Gold” on the Earth. Life is possible on the earth because of water, oxygen and trees and we cannot ignore that trees are source of oxygen and water on the earth. Human beings are the most intelligent species on the earth, so we should understand our responsibility towards the nature and start saving trees, the “Green Gold” of earth.
Benefits of trees:

Trees gives us Oxygen, absorb CO2, removing and storing the carbon while releasing the oxygen back into the air.
Trees stabilise the soil prevent flooding and soil erosion, absorbing thousands of litres of storm water, provide us materials for tools and shelter and give life to the world’s wildlife.
Trees have many health benefits like the canopies of trees act as a physical filter, trapping dust and absorbing pollutants from the air. The carbon stored in the wood helps slow the rate of Global Warming. Trees keep us healthy by lowering the dust levels and pollution levels especially in the urban areas. Trees prevent us from the respiratory disorders and breathing problems by refreshing air. Trees help in reducing noise pollution and most effective as sound barriers because they act most effectively like stone walls in stopping sound. Trees prevent us from the noises of crowded roads, railway stations, airports etc.
Many trees have medicinal benefit like The oil from Birch Bark has antiseptic properties. Research shows within minutes of being surrounded by trees and green space, our blood pressure drops, heart rate slows and stress levels comes down. An acre of mature trees may provide required oxygen to 18 people per year.
Trees reduce wind speed and the cool air as they lose moisture and reflect heat upwards from their leaves. It’s estimated that trees can reduce the temperature in a city by up-to 7°C.
Tree Boost Wildlife, it hosts complex microhabitats (Offer habitation and food to amazing communities of birds, insects, lichen and fungi.) Trees hollow trunk helps bats, wood-boring beetles, tawny owls and woodpeckers for shelter. One mature oak can be home to as many as 500 different species. Richmond Park, London has been designated as National Nature Reserve and Site of Special Scientific Interest since it is full of mature oak trees.
Trees strengthen the distinctive character of a place and encourage local pride. Urban woodland can be used as an educational resource and bring groups together for activities like walking and bird- watching. Trees are also invaluable for children to play in and discover their sense of adventure. Trees are best teacher who never talk but shows everything. They are good example of unity in diversity.
Trees grow economy, it attracted people to live, work and invest in green surroundings. Research shows that average house prices are 5-18% higher when properties are close to mature trees. Companies benefit from a healthier, happier workforce if there are parks and trees nearby. Many people are dependent on the tree for their survival economically for example paper industries, rubber industries, match industries etc. are totally dependent on trees.
Trees save water by slowing down the water evaporation from ground through their shadow. Trees are natural water filter and play great role in preventing water pollution by allowing water to flow down to the earth below tree thus prevent rainwater to carry pollutants to the ocean. Trees have very less water requirement per year (400 trees need approximately 40,000 gallons of rainwater).
According to the Human-Environment Research Lab, trees are very effective in reducing violence level in the neighbourhood. Four trees near by the home may save around 30% of the summer cooling costs whereas 1 million trees may save around $10 million energy costs per year.
According to the USDA Forest Service, Trees around home boost its market value by 6 or 7% and add around 10% to a property’s value
A healthy and mature tree may provide cooling effect equivalent to air conditioner cooling ten room size area (20 hours/day, According to the U.S. Department of Agriculture).

? On July 31th, 2016, Indian Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi Ji emphasized the importance of trees and ‘Mann ki Baat’ on a program broadcast on the government’s All India Radio. He said planting trees in India has not only become a new source of income for India’s citizens, but it can save India from deforestation and timber importation costs. If the Indian people start to plant more saplings, they can be utilized for the construction of homes and furniture in the future. Furthermore, these saplings can be cut and sold to other countries with the permission of the government when they reach maturity. He also said that “I have repeatedly told my farmer that instead of wasting our land in building fences around our fields, why don’t we start planting timber trees there.”

? The World Bank, which unveiled a new programme to fund "Avoided Deforestation" at the UN climate summit in Bali last month. At the summit the bank unveiled its Forest Carbon Partnership Facility (FCPF), aimed at reducing deforestation by compensating developing countries for carbon dioxide reductions realised by maintaining their forests. The World Bank's president, Robert Zoellick, claimed that the project "Signals that the world cares about the global value of forests and is ready to pay for it. There is now a value to conserving, not just harvesting the forest”

? The Forest Man Of India Mr Jadav Payeng Ji has single-handedly created a 550 hectare forest from a 'barren' sandbar in the middle of the river Brahmaputra of Assam. He was given the title “Forest Man Of India" by the Former President of India A. P. J. Abdul Kalam . He was also honoured by Padma Shri in 2015. In beginning he found planting trees very difficult and time consuming but later it became much easier for him as he started getting seeds from trees themselves. . The flora and fauna has grown fascinating with tigers, rhinoceros, rabbits, and deers making Jadav’s forest their home.

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