State-sponsored promotion of Hinduism began shortly after independence and took many forms. The Congress Party poster issued with the picture of Prime Minister Nehru in the first post-independence national election of 1952 with the icon of a pair of so called sacred cows asked voters to “vote Congress for a stable, secular, progressive] state.” In fact the so called sacred cows remained the Congress Party symbol. On the night of 22-23 December 1949, Hindu idols was believed by many to have mysteriously appeared in a sixteenth century BABRI mosque, actively used for worship The U.P. Congress administration promptly locked the mosque through a court order, and called it a temple [AG Noorani (ed), The Babri Masjid Question, 1528–2003: A Matter of National Honor, New Delhi:]
In western India, the Somanatha temple in Gujarat stood empty and forgotten through much of the period before independence. Thereafter, Gujarati Congress leaders like Deputy Prime Minister Sardar Patel and K.M. Munshi campaigned for its restoration. In May 1951, the temple was built with money provided by Gujarat government [Romila Thapar, Somanatha: The Many Voices of a History, New Delhi: Penguin, 2004, p 191.]
In addition to the funds Gujarat provided, in the Congress-ruled Uttar Pradesh, “a system of indirect taxation was devised to pay for the restoration of the temple.” [Smith, India as a Secular State, p 387.] Overruling Nehru’s opposition, President Rajendra Prasad, “with the chanting of Vedic hymns by Brahmin priests, and made partial restoration of the temple… [and] took a prominent part in the functions by installing the 'jyotilingam' image in the temple.”[Smith, India as a Secular State, p 387.]
The state-sponsored rebuilding of Somanatha had far reaching significance as it encouraged Hindu extremists to claim and destroy the Babri Masjid. The UP administration led by Congress governments developed Ayodhya as a Hindu religious site from 1949 to 1980s, including unlocking the Babri Masjid and treated it as a place of Hindu worship in 1986. Directly enthralled by Deputy Prime Minister Patel’s example, a future Deputy Prime Minister L.K. Advani began his ratha yatra from Somanatha against Babri Mosque in 1990, resulting in its demolition two years later in 1992 [Peter van der Veer, ‘Ayodhya and Somnath: eternal shrines, contested histories’, Social Research,]
The crazed Hindu mob that applied the jack hammers on the mosque in December 1992 was merely completing the task began under Nehru [Zoya Hasan, ‘Communal mobilization and changing majority’, in David Ludden (ed), Making India]
Numerous examples may be cited of state sponsorship of explicitly Hindu religious activities. The central government for instance, promotes Amarnath yatra in Kashmir, officially advertising it in explicitly denominational terms
“what is merely a religious pilgrimage of Hindus has been projected as a patriotic enterprise.” [Gautam Naulakha, ‘Pilgrim’s progress causes regression’, Economic and Political Weekly, 8–15 July]
On a trip to United States in 1984, Telugu Desham’s A.P. chief minister N.T. Rama Rao didn't considered anything objectionable in spending state funds on medallions with Hindu gods’ images for distribution among Indian Americans of all faiths as part of a promotion kit to invite investments in his state [Theodore P Wright, Jr & Omar Khalidi, ‘Majority Hindu images, stereotypes and demands of the minority in India: the backlash’, Journal of the Institute of Muslim Minority A?airs, 12 (2), 1991, p 328.]
Post offices in U.P. sell bottled Ganga water, sacred to Hindus, and marketed through Garhwal Vikas Mandal, a public sector undertaking [ ‘Keep o? the business of faith’, Times of India, 5 June 2008, internet edition.]
The Indian state has exclusively tried to hinduised the Armed Forces ,a state institution-
According to a congress leader named Shashi Tharoor: "The Army is still a splendid advertisement for India… The army has no place for bigotry in its ranks:prejudice and discrimination on account of caste or religion are completely but he has ignored the fact that there has been several events since the 1980s point to emerging problems. First, the refusal of the army authorities to permit Friday prayers (an Islamic obligation and must be performed in congregation) has given rise to complaints similar to the refusal to allow non sikh soldiers to grow beards, in contrast to the Sikhs, who are permitted to keep them [‘Army order on Juma prayers’, Radiance, 26 June–2 July 1994, p 1Ministry of Defence letter no 85347 (R.G-5) COV C dated 25 April 1995, with e?ect from 10 June].
The order in question is the The Air Force also requires existing staff to shave off beards [Asrarul Haq Qasimi, ‘Air force and bearded muslims’, Milli Gazette, 16–20 September 2003, p 16.Circular No AIR-HQ/C23406/24/PS dated 24 February 2003 was signed by Air Chief Marshal S
Second, the physical environment of the cantonments, secular for quite some time, has undergone changes. The “cantonment towns now have focal point—the Hanuman temple, dedicated to the Hindu deity ( monkey god of hindus).”[KM Kulkarni, ‘The cantonment towns of India’, Ekistics, 277, 1979, pp 218–219.]
A former Lt. General proudly describes the erection of a Hindu temple in the Rajputana Rifles regimental center on government expense.[ Lt Gen AM Sethna & Lt Col Valmiki Katju, Traditions of a Regiment: The Story of Rajputana Ri?es,New Delhi: Lancers, 1982, pp 213–15.] Unlike temples, permission to build mosques in Kanpur and Pune cantonments was denied [eventh Annual Report of the Minorities Commission for the Period 1-4-1984 to 31-3-1985, New Delhi:Controller of Publications, 1987, p 52; and ‘Plea against bungling of Waqf properties’, Radiance,2–8 November 1997, p 22].
Worse, an already existing mosque in Danapur cantonment was demolished in July 2005, while an army officer desecrated a Delhi mosque two years later [‘Protest against demolition of Bihar mosque’, Milli Gazette, 1–15 July 2005, p 5; and ‘Army o?cer desecrates Delhi mosque’, Milli Gazette, 16–31 July 2007, p 4.]
In February 2003, it sent anti-Christian, anti-Muslim inflammatory literature to the armed forces. [Hindutva newsletters mailed to defense o?cers’, NDTV.com, 22 February 2003.]
THUS the Indian state is in fact engaged in Hinduising it by promoting and advancing Hinduism, excluding other religions and often attacking them.