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0 टिप्पणी करें | 50 लोगो ने देखा है | 01 अक्तूबर 12  | Sumbul Khan
The great grain Drain
India has been blessed by an incredible grain rain this year, thanks to the monsoon and food policies that have been implemented allowing the bumper crop produce. This year the food grain production has crossed all records and is expected to be above 250 million tonnes. Procurement of rice and wheat, which is going on in full swing is expected to register new records. The all time high procurement has been the result of the MSPMinimum Support Price that has been offered. But what is ironical here is that the government of India is unable to keep up with the surplus grains leading to grain drain. The Wall Street Journal reports that the state run warehouses have a capacity of 63 million mt while the grains stocks are expected to be much more than that. The granaries of India are facing the problem of plenty. While farmers in some parts like Bundelkhand are worried about poor produce, Punjab is thriving on the plenty produce. But the state has run out of space for storage facilities. Blame game has begun with the Deputy Chief Minister Sh. Sukhbir Singh Badal accusing the Centre for the grain storage problem. He has asked the government to allow export of wheat to Pakistan and other CIS countries through integrated check posts in Attari. According to him this would have solved the problem of surplus and would have remunerated the farmers. Punjab has also crossed its target produce of 115 lakh tonnes of wheat. Around 1750 purchase centres have been set up but the problem still exists. Wheat procurement in Madhya Pradesh has also taken an all time high of 7.5 million tonnes but the problem of plenty once again has left the government with no option but to leave the wheat exposed to rains. Government officials have been accused of coming out with wrong estimates. Ministry had promised availability of jute bags for storage, but still sacks of rotting wheat and other grains could be seen lying unattended in the railway yards with no protection against rats, insects and other diseases. Government has made arrangements for some amount of wheat but the limit has exceeded the storage capacity available hence now private parties have been roped in for provision of storage facilities. Apart from this, some amount has also been kept under cap cover with the assurance that it would be lifted up by the concerned agencies as early as possible. In a country like India, approximately 41.6 per cent of the population falls below the International Poverty line. We cannot afford to allow our food grains to go waste. We need proper storage and distribution systems for the grains. Systematic approach would be beneficial in this case, where food grains are managed from the cutting and feeding stage till the last stage of storage and distribution. In each stage such as threshing, separating and cleaning, poor quality grains should be separated from the good quality and accordingly storage priorities be given. They should be properly dried and moisture content should be kept at a specified level and stored in auto cleaning silos. Government is encouraging private sectors to join in and help in grain storage by providing the private companies with concessions to build storage facilities. The high costs borne by the government in this process can be justified with less spoilage. The road to success in this endeavour may not seem an easy one but does not seem impossible also. Source Agriculture Today Magazine where i write a colum each month

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