Writing, Listening, Speaking, Reading- What is the Hierarchy to learn a Language
‘I want to learn a language’ the phrase everyone tends to have in his mouth. Either one may wish to attain fluency in the mother tongue or to expertise some other language. Both demand equal and similar attention. Many well known authors and successful personalities such as Dr. A.P.J Abdul Kalam never ceased from learning various languages or learning about various cultures.
But what is the actual hierarchy to learn a language? One would say, writing is the ultimate tool to learn, others might accord to listening, fewer would say speaking and remaining would claim reading as the one true methodology. In fact, it is not a matter of votes one tool might receive in the above contest of hierarchy but to assess the relative worth of each and every aspect while moving from reading to writing.
For the beginning, ‘listening’ is the very fundamental aspect of learning a language. You would learn to read, write and speak at the later stages but to proceed initially, one has to have listening skills.
Why listening? Science says listening to something even simplifies the area you’re unaware about by fifty percent. In other words, it helps you provide a platform where one can catch a train for learning a language. You will have to encounter people who are well-versed in that language and this will also make sure, you heading into the right direction. But listening alone doesn’t add to learn a language.
‘Speaking’ is another tool which comes handy after one has done sufficient amount of listening.
Listening could make understanding the language easy but it doesn’t imply that it will be equally easy to become fluent without a proper verbal communication. Practice for speaking indeed makes you talking verbosely. As an illustration, you could listen to any of the great elocutionist. It feels immense pleasure listening to them but if asked, ninety percent of the people will fail in imitating the similar fluency.
Listening and speaking are subsequently followed by ‘reading’ and ‘writing’ simultaneously.
Reading resembles listening and writing to speaking in plenty of ways. Reading helps you develop the ability to manipulate the language and creates an impact just like listening does in understanding. But as the reading part is going on, you’ve to try your hands on writing too. Writing complements reading. And it engraves the read text into the mind. Reading and writing thus assist in learning a language.
The gist of the story is that learning a language can’t be attained alone by reading, or writing, or listening or speaking. But yes, there is a hierarchy for all the above tools. One has to be sequential while beginning to learn a language and in the end, you’ll be fluent to understand and speak a language.